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Ancient cultures -Archeological - Protected natural areas -Cultural and Natural Heritage -Natural Park


BOLIVIA- ECOTOURISM TRADITIONS & CONSERVATIONISM


BOLIVIA: GENERAL INFORMATION INTEREST LINKS

Bolivia Tourist Routes
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Sajama National Park
Sajama National Park is situated in the southwestern part of Oruro Department in the Province of Sajama. It borders on the Department of La Paz to the north and Chile’s Lauca National Park to the west.  

The park enjoys an annual average temperature of 10 °C (50 °F), with a low in winter of –30 °C (-22 °F) and a daytime high of 22 °C (71.6 °F). There is frost throughout the year and a rainy season in the summer. The rivers in the area belong to the inward flowing high plateau river system dominated by the Sajama, Tomarapi and Esquillani Rivers.

Important volcanic cones, like Mount Sajama and the Payachatas are located in the park, together with several lagoons and high lying Andean marshes, where hardy and silicified grasses and a variety of rosette-shaped plants are to be found.
Access
The Park can be easily reached by taking the new paved Patacamaya -Tambo Quemado highway that links up La Paz, Oruro with Arica, Chile.

Other possible routes are:
1. La Paz - Patacamaya- Lagunas - Sajama.
2. Oruro - Toledo - Jankocala - Turco - Cosapa -Sajama.
3. La Paz - Corocoro - Calacoto - Charaña - Sepulturas - Sajama.

Tourist attractions
Imposing Mt. Sajama gives this national park an exceptional natural beauty. Other attractions include high lying Andean lagoons, thermal springs and coveted mountain climbing trails. The queñua forests are of particular scientific interest because of their unique location at this altitude. Its natural high mountain features make the site a fascinating one.

Plant life
The area is known for its queñua (Polylepis tarapacana) forests, which climb above 5,200 masl, making them the world’s highest lying woody formation. Also noteworthy are the marshes with their large pulvínulos or clumps of yareta and wet grasslands and Parastrephia lepidophylla tholares(?)-The most important plants are queñua and yareta (Azorella compacta), both of which are endangered species in the Andean subregion.
Animal life
Andean fauna is plentiful, particularly vicuñas (Vicugna vicugna), quirquinchos (Chaetophractus nationi), Andean cats or titi (Felis jacobita), pumas (Felis concolor), and large birds like the ostrich (Pterocnemia pennata) and the chocka (Fulica gigantea), together with a wide variety of small birds.
This is an appropriate region for the implementation of conservation, endangered species recovery and vicuña management programs. Wildlife management constitutes an important alternative for improving the living conditions of local inhabitants. The area is an significant reservoir of genetic species, particularly those relating to alpaca breeding and selection. 

Population
The people populating the area belong to the Aymará culture and are among those who best conserve their traditional social organization, customs and mythical-religious beliefs, etc. Over 300 families are believed to live in the park’s area of influence and nearly 100 within its boundaries. Almost all of these dwellers make their living from animal husbandry, particularly alpaca breeding and fabric spinning and weaving.
Archeology
Within the area are archeological and historical sites of great cultural value, like the Chullperios or necropolises, pictographs and pre-Columbian ruins. Colonial churches with noteworthy features are also to be found there.


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