Make your own free website on Tripod.com

  World News  World Top Stories  Web Search   Web Images Search  Web Groups Search  Web Catalogs  Web Directory  News Search

 


LatinAmerica

Introduction

Eco-Travel-Agcy

Earthwise-Travels

Travel-Agcy-Int

Eco-Library

Outdoors-Advent

Expeditions

Travel-Desk

Useful-Links

Intnal-Flights

Tourist-Service

Travel-Links

Tourism-Of.-W.

World-Reservat..

EcoTravel-Lat

Green-Travels

Heritage

EcoTourism-Int

EcoT-World-Dir.

EcoT-Events

Eco-World

Eco-Links

Biodiversity-W

Eco-Founds-W.

Eco-Environ-W

Eco-Travels-W

Sensitive-Areas

Sustainable-W.

Eco-Articles-W..

Webography

Founds Directory

Glossary

Public-Library

Support-Program

Eco-Billboard

Serv Directories

Articles

Eco-Consultant

Eco-Bulletin

Join&Sell

Forums

Guestbook

Live-Chat

Class-Aids

Vote-Caster

Greetings-Card

Tell a Friend 

Financial-Tools

News-World

Satellite-Images

World-TimeClock

Web-Forum

Stock-Market

Add-Links

Web-Stores

Shopping-90Stor

e-commerce

Yellow Pags

Add-Links

Feedback-form

Faqs

Publicsize w Us

Our Mission

Our Objetives

Join Us

Contact-Us

Tools

Messages Board

Eco Travel Webring

Travel Groups

Users Who Live

Meet people

Guestbook

Post  Travelling

Live-Chat

Class-Aids

Vote-Caster

Greetings-Card

Add-Links

Site Ring

Album

Mailing List

Internet Links

Forum

Web Journal

PhotoStock

Atlas

Almanacs

Encyclopedia

Dictionary

Geography

Countries

Current Events

World Statistics

Travel 

 



                   

Ancient cultures -Archeological - Protected natural areas -Cultural and Natural Heritage -Natural Park


BOLIVIA- ECOTOURISM TRADITIONS & CONSERVATIONISM


BOLIVIA: GENERAL INFORMATION INTEREST LINKS

Bolivia Tourist Routes
.
Uyuni
The biggest salt deposit in the world, the"Uyuni Salt Deposit", is located to the southwest of Bolivia. The salt crust covers a surface of 10.582 Km2 of extension, at an altitude of 3.653 meters above sea level, as if it were a static sea caressed by the southern winds. 
This semidesert volcanic land region, encloses extremely beautiful natural resources characterized by one outstanding constant: the color. The Uyuni Salt Deposit and Laguna Colorada (Red), Laguna Verde (Green), Laguna Amarilla (Yellow), and Laguna Celeste (Sky-Blue) are the best indicators. Their names are due to their different shades of color as a result of the algae contained therein, such as the phytoplankton (dunallella-type algae), and the movement of the wind at a particular time of the day.
There are also geysers, rock formations, and volcanic wells that go back to the times when the earth was formed. Along the road there are towns with different traditions and customs belonging to Quechua groups settled in these high and semiarid lands.

Tourist Attractions

Town of Uyuni
This town holds the rests of the most important railway machinery dating back to 1890, as can be appreciated in the local repair shops known as "The Train Cemetery". 22 Km away from this town there is Pulacayo, which was a very important producer of silver by the end of the 19th Century. Pulacayo is the seat where the worldwide known "Thesis of Pulacayo" was proclaimed, which recognized the rights of the worker class in Bolivia. It is also possible to see the first train that run in Bolivia and other trains that were robbed by famous American villains such as Butch Cassidy and Sundance Kid.
Colchani 
The town of Colchani stands on the shore of the Great Salt Deposit, 22 Km north of the city of Uyuni. Also known as "Puerto Seco", it serves as main access to the intense salt extraction rudimentary activity observed in this area. The railway network that crosses the town from north to south had great influence on the economy of the region because of the large amounts of salt that were transported on the freight cars to the urban centers. The visitor will be able to appreciate the rural houses made of adobe walls and salt blocks and roofed with wild grass or ichu. These materials contribute to maintain a warm temperature indoors and help to bear the low temperatures that prevail throughout the year.
The presence of wild grass or ichu in the region makes this a good pastureland for llamas, vicuñas and other mammals.
Uyuni Salt Deposit
This salt deposit is made up of a very pure, 6 m deep, saliferous stratum that was the result of the disapperance of a sea, which occurred 13.000 years ago, that covered the entire Bolivian Altiplano up to the Titikaka lake. 
It goes from north to south, in the southwest region of the national territory, between parallels 20º and 21º south latitude and 68º west longitude. It comprises a reserve of 9 million tons of lithium and other evaporative minerals. 
Multiple "eyes" may be found in the Salt Deposit, created by the salty waters of what used to be the Tauca lake. They have a diameter of 10 to 15 cm and a depth of up to 120 meters, and the biggest ones may be 3x2 meters.
This amazing ecosystem shelters an interesting regional fauna such as Soca Cornuda and the extraordinary James flamingo, which coexists with the Andean and Chilean flamingo species. The Eduardo Avaroa Andean Fauna National Reserve is the best place for these species to built their nests. This is also the habitat of the "Suri", an endangered species, and other mammals such as vicuñas, llamas, and Andean cats and foxes.
The flora is characterized by the strong presence of grammineae (wild grass or ichu), and tholares and keñuas can be found in humid areas.
Driving through this salt lake is an extraordinary experience, especially in wintertime, when the deep blue of the sky contrasts with the brilliant white of the salty crust. When it is cloudy, the "white-out" effect occurs, and the horizon fades out until disappearing, being almost impossible to distinguish between land and sky.
Polyhedral shapes formed by the eolian force of the wind are found amidst this spectacular landscape. Visitors are marvelled with these strong contrasts right in front of their eyes, like a masterpiece combining the shiny white of the desert, the deep blue of the sky, the wild brownish shades of the surrounding mountains and the islandsscattered throughout this scenery.
Isla Pescado
The Cujiri Island, better known as Isla Pescado (Fish Island) is located 74 Km from Colchani, in the very center of the salt deposit. It has an extension of 100 hectares and reveals a colorful landscape.
The surface of granite and organic land allowed a giant species of cactus, approximately 6 meters high, to develop an interesting ecosystem.
The island also exhibits some geological formations that are of great attraction for scientific research. 
A cave located on the top allows to see different geological layers of the soil; besides, this is one of the best places to take pictures of the island and of the salt deposit.
Some parts of the island exhibit white and pink colored layers which make it more attractive; the cave located near the top of the island allows to see the different geological layers of the soil, and this is one of the best places to take pictures of the island and of the salt deposit.
Incahuasi Island
Known as Isla Pescadores (Fishermen Island), this island encloses a cactus forest (quirucolumbar, pillaya, piscallu, thulo, huajraguaya, añaguaya, etc.). The island is formed on the rests of a volcano, composed of petrified limestone along 1943 m and an altitude of 102 m above the surface of the salt deposit. 7 Tiwanakota-type archaeological sites, 2 Inca ruins, 30 caverns and 12 natural tunnels are found in this island. Alfredo Lázaro (living in the community of Llica) protects the island since 1987, and keeps record of 4030 adult cactuses, 5000 cactus units under development and 16 burnt or dried cactuses. The island is a nest for birds, viscachas, baker birds (Furnarius rufus), etc.
This is an excellent setting to take pictures and gaze at the landscape of the Uyuni Salt Deposit.
"Eduardo Avaroa" Andean Fauna National Reserve (REA) 
The "Eduardo Avaroa" Andean Fauna National Reserve is located south of the Uyuni Salt Deposit. It encloses extraordinary lagoons, a huge diversity of flora and geysers and geothermal wells of amazing shapes covering an area of 7.147 Km.
The REA was created in 1973, and it covers an area of 714.745 has. (7.147 km2.). It is located at the South end of the Department of Potosí, in the Province of Sud Lípez, Municipality of San Pablo de Lípez. The area is bounded by the Republic of Argentina to the south and by the Republic of Chile to the west. The weather is very cold and dry, with annual rainfall less than 100 mm. The altitude ranges between 4.200 and 6.000 meters above sea level. The Reserve Eduardo Avaroa (REA) covers the physiographic region of the Western or Volcanic Cordillera, characterized by broad plateaus and volcanic cones.
It shelters 102 species of flora, and approximately 200 species of upper plants have been recorded. Ecologically, it is characterized by broad icy deserts and semidesert highland prairies. It encloses salty lagoons of glacial origin, sedge swamps (bofedales) and peat bogs. 96 species of fauna have been recorded, the most outstanding species being the vicuña (Vicugna vicugna), Andean cat or titi (Felis jacobita), suri (Pterocnemia pennata), soca (Fulica cornuta), chocka (Fulica gigantea) and three flamingo species (Phoenicoparrus andinus, Phoenicoparrus jamesi and Phoenicopterus chilensis) that built their nests in enormous colonies. Likewise, there are some species of small birds such as Upucerthia validirostris, Phegornis mitchelli and other migratory species that come from the Northern hemisphere.

Árbol de Piedra (Stone Tree)
This is a complex of rocky formations, the evolution and shape of which are due to the eolian erosion, creating natural landscape scenes of surrealistic effect. It is surrounded by a desert sand landscape, and it is an excellent place to gaze at Mother Nature's masterpieces of ravishing forms and shapes.
Laguna Colorada (Red Lagoon)
This lagoon is located west of the department, at 4.278 meters above sea level, covering an area of 60 km2. It is a multicolored lagoon wherein the reddish shades prevail. The red color of the waters is due to sediments of zooplankton, phytoplankton and others, which produce a colorful contrast between the surroundings, the flamingoes and the red of the lagoon. 
It is also called the "Nest of the Andes", since it shelters more than 30.000 flamingoes of three different species that build their nests there and make this lagoon one of the best zones in the world for watching the flamingoes. It also shelters the largest population of Parihuana Chica in South America.
The landscape becomes even more spectacular because of the birds that settle on the red waters. There are three types, namely, Puna flamingo or Chururu, totoko and Andean parina. These birds stop here before continuing their way to the north. 
The road to Laguna Colorada passes by the active Ollagüe volcano and the chain of lagoons where the flamingoes live. Nearby, in between the lagoons, there are the thermal waters of Chalviri, containing salty water at a temperature of 30º C.
In this sector, you can also see tourist spots such as the lagoons Chiar Ckota, Hedionda, Ramaditas and Salada lagoons, the Ollagüe and Llicancabur hills, the rocky formations of Jara Pampa, and the thermal power of Sol de Mañana (Morning Sun).
Sol de Mañana (Morning Sun)
Located one hour away from Colorada lagoon, this place encloses geysers, intermitent springs of water that emerge at 90°C and fumaroles, which are cracks through which volcanic lava comes out. For this reason, this must be watched some distance away because of the terrain sensitivity.
Laguna Verde (Green Lagoon)
It is located at the southwest end of Potosí, at the feet of Llicancabur volcano, at an altitude of 4.350 meters above sea level, and covers an area of 17 km2. Gazing at this makes one think of the end of the world. It is divided into two bodies of water, and its extraordinary color is due to the high content of magnesium of the geological formations of the region. The main attraction occurs when the sun gets to the zenith.
The shore of this impressive lagoon is spotted with enormous black volcanic stones and saline rocks that emerge from inside the earth.
The depth of this lagoon has not been determined yet, its banks are interesting because of the existing formations and its widely spaced beaches. The flora is composed of wild grass or ichu that grows following the direction and intensity of the wind.
The most picturesque places are its banks, with spectacular panoramic views of the lagoon and the surrounding hills, forming a colorful contrast that is reflected by the water mirror of the lagoon.
Some of the activities that can be carried out are trekking, adventure tourism and ecotourism. Visits should preferably be made during June, July and August, when the land is dry and early ascents can be made departing from the forest ranger lodgings.
The Llicancabur volcano is now extinct and is located on the western region of Laguna Verde (Green Lagoon), at an altitude of 5.868 meters above sea level, and marks the border between Chile and Bolivia.
The ascent to the top takes about 5 hours, and 5 hours more to go down because of its steep rocky slope and the strong winds that sometimes blow at a rate greater than 100 Km per hour.
It has an almost perfect conical shape, and due to its height there is very scarce vegetation made up of wild grass or ichu and grammineae that grow at ground level.
From the top of this interesting volcano, one can feel the strong winds coming from the Pacific Ocean, in addition to gazing at the panoramic views of the deep valleys and various lagoons existing in the park and its surroundings.


BOLIVIA SECTIONS INDEX   (55)

Bolivia-air-lines

Bolivia-links-miscellaneus

Bolivia-routes-sajama

Bolivia-banks

Bolivia-nature

Bolivia-routes-tiahuanaco

Bolivia-business-dir

Bolivia-news

Bolivia-routes-titikaka

Bolivia-climate

Bolivia-people

Bolivia-routes-uyuni

Bolivia-culture

Bolivia-references

Bolivia-tiahuanaco

Bolivia-ecotourism-trips

Bolivia-religion

Bolivia-tourist-calendar

Bolivia-information

Bolivia-rent-a-car

Bolivia-tour-operators

Bolivia-geography

Bolivia-routes

Bolivia-trasnportation

Bolivia-government

Bolivia-routes-casa-moneda

Bolivia-travel

Bolivia-handicrafs

Bolivia-routes-diablada

Bolivia-travel-agencies

Bolivia-history

Bolivia-routes-mission

Bolivia-travel-full

Bolivia-how-to-get

Bolivia-routes-oruro

Bolivia-travel-information

Bolivia-interest-links

Bolivia-routes-potosi

Bolivia-visa-andina

Bolivia-links-directory

Bolivia-routes-real-cordillera

Bolivia-weather

Academic Research

Human Rights

News

Arts & Culture

Indigenous People 

Museums

Education

International Organizations

Portals, Directories

Environment 

Magazines & Journals

Travel & Tourism

General Resources


Birdwatching Earthwise  Eco Travels Traditions Rural-Tourism

    Please E-mail to Us

Scuba.& DivingRaftngHiking and Trekking CircuitsBike & Mountain Bike ActivityParapente activitySalt-Water FishingSurfing.Bass Fish in VenezuelaNatural History & Photographing Tour

  Ecoportal Wildlife International - Worldwide Traveler's Services  (12 sections)


Ecoportal Panamerica - Latinamerica Key facts (20 Sections)

Ecoportal Panamerica - International Travel & Tourism Key Facts


   Worldwide

Join to - EcoPortal  Panamerica Discussion Groups    

International

Web-Stores

Shopping-

e-commerce

Yellow Pags

Search

Free email

Free News

Useful-Links

Intnal-Flights

Tourist-Serv

Travel-Links

Tourism W 

Tourism-G

World-Res

EcoT-Lat

Green--W

Heritage-W

EcoTourism

EcoT-World.

EcoT-Events

Eco-World

Eco-Links

Biodiversity

Cons-Dirs

Eco-Founds.

Eco-Environ

Eco-Travels

Sensitive

Eco-System

Development

Ecology

Sustainable

Environment

Environ-Imp

Env

Env-Treat

Envi-Laws

Ramsar

Cons

Ecotourism

NatureUnion

Parks&Reser

Eco-Jobs

Eco-Events

Nat-Heritage

Community

Eco-Articles

Webography

Founds-Dir

Glossary

Library

Embassies

Program

Membership

Trav-Groups

Dissc-Groups

Readers

Subs-eNews

Suggestions

Blog-Spot

Animals-danger

Birds

Ecology

Extinction

Ecology-diversity

Publications

Research-centers

Wildlife

Biodiversity

Cons

Ecosystem

Flora-fauna

Regions

Sustain

W-Nat-Parks

W-Nat-reserv

Sust-Ecology

Sust-Foundations

Sust-Indicators

Sust-Information

Sust-Organizations

Biodiver-Bioregions

Biodiver-Info

Biodiver-Protection

Biodiver-Science

Ecology-Index

Ecology-Ecosystem

Ecology-Wetlands

Watwersheds

Ecol-Economics

Env-Impact

Env-Development

Env Sustain

Env Issues

Envir-Ramsar

Envir Educ Orgs

Lat-Envir Sources

Latinam Envir News

Env International

Env-Sust

Env Prog Lat

Ecosystem W

Env-Ecosystem

Cons-Ecotourism

World Nat Parks

World Ecotourism

World Directory Ecosystems

World Direct Sustain

World Direct Cons

Ecoworldwide

World-Biod-assoc

World-Biod-regions

World-cons-assoc

W-cons-Ecol

W-cons-ecosystem

W-Ecol-associations

W-Ecol-publications

W-Ecol-research

W-Ecol-education

W-extinction

W-flora-fauna

W-Sustain

Wwide-ecosystem

Ecosystem-habitat

Research-institutes

Sustain-Develop

Sustain-community

Directories-Sustain

Sustain-travelogues

Sustain-nature

Corporate-Enval

Wildlife-Ecol-manag

Directories-wildlife

Env-Sust

Env-Sust-Devel

Env-Sust-Threats

Env-Sust-W

Env-Sust-Info

Env-Sust-Intnal

Env-Sust-can-do

Env-Biodiver

Env-Bioregions

Env-Biod-Protect

Env-Biodi-Info

Env-Biodi-Orgs

Env-Eco-Index

Env-Eco-Ecosyst

Env-Eco-Forest

Env-Eco-Landscape

Env-Eco-Plants

Env-Eco-Watwersheds

Env-Eco-Wildlife

Env-Eco-Economics

Env-Development

Env-Impact

Env-Ecol

Env-Laws

Env-Ecosystem-

Env-Treaties

Env-W

Env-Ramsar

Eco Tourism ListServs

Sust Eco Tourism

Exploring Eco Tourism

Marketing EcoTourism

Eco Tourism ListServs

Considerations

LatinAmerica Eco Tourism

Travel Providers

Books

Colaborations